the rule of liberty which means lawlessness; &last comes ‘tyranny .. fourth & final sickness of the city. (LA :since they are so out of control, now they need rulers).
looks upon history, which to him is a history of social decay, as if it were the history of an illness: the patient is society.. it falls ill and makes war on itself
only admissible control of the master class is therefore self-control.
strict state control of all literary matters; Not only poetry but also music in the ordinary sense of the term are to be controlled by a rigid censorship, and both are to be devoted entirely to strengthening the stability of the state by making the young more conscious of class discipline. and thus more ready to serve class interests.even now he has many musicians on his side, possibly bc they are flattered by his high opinion of importance of music, i.e. of its political power. The same is true of educationists, & even more of philosophers,since Plato demands that they should rule. (little label ppl =bought)
Decisions are facts, it may be said. If we decide to adopt a certain norm, then the making of this decision is itself a psychological or sociological fact, and it would be absurd to say that there is nothing in common between such facts and other facts.
-considering that it is not words but what we mean by them that matters? #chaos
‘Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time ... But I say unto you ..’; opposing in every case voice of conscience to mere formal obedience &fulfillment of law. (when Jesus came, he fulfilled law: moreso your heart. if u hate, u murder in heart. right ?).
The city, it is said, is greater than the individual. #communists #groups
‘The law’, he writes in the Republic, ‘.. is designed to bring about welfare of state as a whole, fitting citizens into 1 unit, by means of both persuasion &force. It makes them all share in whatever benefit each of them can contribute to the community. #nofam
internal disunion of human nature, schism of soul, leads to schism of ruling class.
particular men who must remain imperfect and dependent. (the perfect commie).
There must be a censorship of all intellectual activities of the ruling class, &a continual propaganda aiming at moulding &unifying their minds. All innovation in education, legislation, and religion must be prevented or suppressed. #be leery of book burners
each man in our city should do 1 work only; namely, that work for which his nature is naturally best fitted. (difference between American, who does everything on her own).
But was Plato aware that justice meant so much to men? -AWWWWW <3
1 is tempted to think that Plato knew its weakness, and how to hide it.
Plato suggests that if u cannot sacrifice yer interests 4sake of whole, then u r selfish.. On other hand, an anti-collectivist, i.e. an individualist, can, at same time, be an altruist; he can be ready to make sacrifices in order to help other indies. he simply identifies all altruism w collectivism, &all individualism with egoism.in his attack, he can brand all individualists as selfish, as incapable of devotion to anything but themselves.
Why did Plato try to attack individualism? when a citizen distinguishes himself.. <3
This individualism, united w altruism, has become basis of our western civilization. It is central doctrine of Christianity (‘love yer neighbour’, say Scriptures, not ‘love your tribe’); &it is core of all ethical doctrines which have grown from civilization & stimulated it. It is also, 4instance, Kant’s central practical doctrine (‘always recognize human indies r ends, &do not use them as mere means2 your ends’).There is no other thought which has been so powerful in moral development of man. (USA= exceptional, bc (they've no clue, we r taught stupidity . brains shut off at "-ism's")).
Never was a man more in earnest in his hostility towards the individual. &this hatred is deeply rooted in fundamental dualism of P's philosophy; he hated the individual and his freedom..the individual is to Plato the Evil One himself.
This attitude, anti-humanitarian &anti-Christian as it is, has been consistently idealized. It has been interpreted as humane, as unselfish, as altruistic, and as Christian !
guileless people have persuaded themselves of the humaneness of Plato’s intention
One is that when preparing the ground for his collectivist doctrines, Plato usually begins by quoting a maxim or proverb (which seems to be of Pythagorean origin): (lolol careful when ppl say b kind, they will also spit in your food if you like trump.. #snakes).
Plato recognizes only one ultimate standard, the interest of the state. Everything that furthers it is good and virtuous and just; everything that threatens it is bad and wicked and unjust. Actions that serve it are moral; actions that endanger it, immoral. In other words, Plato’s moral code is strictly utilitarian; it is code of collectivist or political utilitarianism. criterion of morality is interest of state. Morality is nothing but political hygiene. (They value nothing, but power. Ask !) Totalitarianism is not simply amoral.
if you can , keep your head when all about you are losing theirs &blaming.. trust yourself when all men doubt, but make allowance for their doubting too; if you can wait ¬ be tired of waiting, or being lied about, don't deal in lies, or being hated, don't give way to hating, &yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise. if you can dream -¬ make dreams your master; think -¬ make thoughts your aim; if you can meet w Triumph &Diaster, &treat those 2 imposters just the same; if you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken twisted by knaves to make a trap fro fools, or watch the things you gave your life to, broken. &stoop &build em up w worn -out tools. if you can make 1 heap of all your winnings &risk it on 1 turn of pitch &toss, &lose, &start again at your beginnings, &never breathe a word about your loss.. if you can talk w crowds &keep your virtue, or walk w Kings -nor lose the common touch, if neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you. if all men count w you, but none too much.. Yours is the Earth &everything that's in it, &-which is more -you'll be a Man, my son!
-father's advice to son; Kipling
"in order2be able2think you have2risk being offensive."JBP
i am no bird; &no net ensnares me. -charlotte bronte
"never give in, never give in, never, never, never, never -in nothing, great or small, large or petty -never give in except to convictions of honor &good sense." -w. churchill. 10/28/41
i am not afraid of storms, for i am learning how to sail my ship. -louisa may alcott
nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. persistence &determination alone are omnipotent.
i am not an extraordinary man, &i am quite ordinary. but God chose me for something quite extraordinary. -a. valladares receives '16 canterbury medal.
not failure, but low aim, is crime -james russell lowell
a genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus -mlk jr. (you are all leaders .#experts)
it is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. the credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust &sweat &blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again &again because there is no effort without error &shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worth cause; who at the best knows in the end the trump of high achievement, &who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold &timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat. -theodore roosevelt
we are what we repeatedly do. excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit. -aristotle
no one can make you feel inferior without your consent. -eleanor roosevelt
a dead thing can go with the stream, but only a living thing can go against it.-gk c.